Solar Cell Quality Classifier Model 7210

Key Features

  • Install on the front-end screen printing process or terminal sorting equipment.
  • Solar cell front or back side printing defect all can be detected.
  • It can detected the defects that generated at PERC & Bifacial process.


The Chroma 7210 has built two functions which are color sorting and printing inspection in one structure. With the compact “2 in 1” design, it not only optimizes the floor space but also maximizes the performance. As the “metallization” technology goes further in PV industry, the finger width has become narrower. Experts believe that practical finger width through “screen printing” technology would be narrower than 40μm in the near future, and Chroma’s 7210 is able to provide 33μm/pixel* solution for Photovoltaic technology innovators.

The Chroma c-Si cell coloring theory was designed to provide high repetitive color classification for c-Si PV cells. The CIE 1931 Lab color space and up to 60×60 grids for entire cell surface allow Chroma to provide numeric color severities down to 3600 blocks throughout the cell under test. Using the color information of each block and the customized algorithm, the user may determine the represented color for non-uniform color cells such as poly-crystalline cells or the cells have uneven anti-reflection coating thickness.

The defects caused by front-side (sunny side) printing process of c-Si PV cells may impact the performance, reliability or appearance. Therefore, a reliable and repetitive inspection of defects such as losing Ag paste on busbars, gridline interruptions, printing shift or rotation, water mark etc., has to be performed to ensure the quality before shipment. The Chroma 7210 solar cell quality classifier has equipped with a high resolution camera and superior software algorithm to recognize the unwanted defects on the front-side of c-Si PV cells.

The Chroma 7210 can be used right after the front-side process to retire cells with major defects. This allows best use of the capacity for the processes like I-V testing and sorting which are known as the bottlenecks of c-Si cell line.

The 7210 can be integrated into in-line or off-line sorter for final inspection prior to shipping.

Chroma 7210 can detected the Solar cell front side or back side surface defect and color classification.

The application of backside inspection, it is providing screen printing defect detection and color classification function when production the Bifacial products. When production the PERC products, it also providing screen printing defect detection function and detect the defects that generated by laser process.

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